Organization & Management (OM)


Organization & Management (OM), JAIBB, JAIBB examination study materials, Laws and Practice of Banking (LPB), Junior Associate of the Institute of Bankers, Bangladesh (JAIBB), Banking diploma, JAIBB, JAIBB examination study materials, Laws and Practice of Banking (LPB):


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What is Critical Path Method (CPM)?

The critical path method (CPM) is a step-by-step project management technique for process planning that defines critical and non-critical tasks with the goal of preventing time-frame problems and process bottlenecks. The CPM is ideally suited to projects consisting of numerous activities that interact in a complex manner.
In applying the CPM, there are several steps that can be summarized as follows:
Define the required tasks and put them down in an ordered (sequenced) list.
Create a flowchart or other diagram showing each task in relation to the others.
Identify the critical and non-critical relationships (paths) among tasks.
Determine the expected completion or execution time for each task.
Locate or devise alternatives (backups) for the most critical paths.


What is standing plans?

Standing plans are often policies, procedures and programs developed to ensure the internal operations of a given business are operating smoothly. Standing plans are often developed once and then modified to suit the business' needs as required. Examples of standing plans include policies for employee interaction, procedures for reporting internal issues in the company and regulations in terms of what is allowable and what is prohibited in the business.

What is E-commerce & M-commerce?

E-commerce:
Electronic Commerce (or also called E-commerce) refers to the activities of buying and selling products and services with the use of electronic systems such as the internet.

M-commerce:
Mobile Commerce (or also called M-commerce) refers to the process of buying and selling products and services with the use of internet/cellular data via wireless handheld devices.


What is Green banking?

A green bank (sometimes referred to as green investment bank, clean energy finance authority, or clean energy finance corporation is a financial institution, typically public or quasi-public, that uses innovative financing techniques and market development tools in partnership with the private sector to accelerate deployment of clean energy technologies. Green banks use public funds to leverage private investment in clean energy technologies that, despite being commercially viable, have struggled to establish a widespread presence in consumer markets. Green banks seek to reduce energy costs for ratepayers, stimulate private sector investment and economic activity, and expedite the transition to a low-carbon economy.

What is Information technology?
Information technology (IT) is the application of computers to store, study, retrieve, transmit and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise. IT is considered a subset of information and communications technology (ICT). In 2012, Zuppo proposed an ICT hierarchy where each hierarchy level "contain[s] some degree of commonality in that they are related to technologies that facilitate the transfer of information and various types of electronically mediated communications".
The term is commonly used as a synonym for computers and computer networks, but it also encompasses other information distribution technologies such as television and telephones. Several industries are associated with information technology, including computer hardware, software, electronics, semiconductors, internet, telecom equipment, and e-commerce.

What is Just-in-time (JIT)?

Just-in-time (JIT) is an inventory strategy companies employ to increase efficiency and decrease waste by receiving goods only as they are needed in the production process, thereby reducing inventory costs. This method requires producers to forecast demand accurately. This inventory supply system represents a shift away from the older just-in-case strategy, in which producers carried large inventories in case higher demand had to be met.
Just in time (JIT) inventory is a management system in which materials or products are produced or acquired only as demand requires. This approach to managing inventory has become increasingly popular in the early 21st century as suppliers and retailers collaborate to try to control inventory costs while still meeting customer demands.

What is Outsourcing?

In business, outsourcing is "an agreement in which one company contracts-out a part of their existing internal activity to another company". It involves the contracting out of a business process (e.g. payroll processing, claims processing) and operational, and/or non-core functions (e.g. manufacturing, facility management, call center support) to another party (see also business process outsourcing). The concept "outsourcing" came from the American Glossary 'outside resourcing' and it dates back to at least 1981. Outsourcing sometimes, though not always, involves transferring employees and assets from one firm to another. Outsourcing is also the practice of handing over control of public services to private enterprise.
Outsourcing includes both foreign and domestic contracting, and sometimes includes offshoring (relocating a business function to a distant country) or nearshoring (transferring a business process to a nearby country). Outsourcing is often confused with offshoring, however, they can be distinguished: a company can outsource (work with a service provider) and not offshore to a distant country. For example, in 2003 Procter & Gamble outsourced their facilities' management support, but it did not involve offshoring.[citation needed] Financial savings from lower international labor rates can provide a major motivation for outsourcing or offshoring. There can be tremendous savings from lower international labor rates when offshoring.





List of subjects for Junior Associate of the Institute of Bankers, Bangladesh (JAIBB) Exam:
1. Principles of Economics & Bangladesh Economy (PBE).
2. Business Communication (BC).
3. Laws and Practice of Banking (LPB).
4. Organization & Management (OM).
5. Accounting for Financial Services (AFS).
6. Marketing of Financial Services (MFS).








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